Biopolym. Cell. 2007; 23(3):215-242.
Мутации – это что?
1Кордюм В. А.
  1. Институт молекулярной биологии и генетики НАН Украины
    ул. Академика Заболотного, 150, Киев, Украина, 03680

Abstract

Анализируются представления о мутациях. Приведены литературные данные, не соответствующие существующим концепциям о мутациях. Сформулировано положение о функциональной неоднозначности мутаций и их биологическом значении. Согласно этому положению, мутации в соме выполняют регуляторные функции, являясь, таким образом, нормальной, контролируемой организмом, составляющей биологических процессов. А выходя из-под контроля, мутации в соме приводят к онкогенезу. В зародышевом же пути мутации через каскадные интегральные процессы обеспечивают элиминацию их носителей, выполняя очистительную функцию. А при выходе из-под контроля, не приводя к элиминации их носителей, реализуются в наследственную патологию во всем ее диапазоне – от скрытой формы («мутационный груз») до яркой манифестации.
Keywords: мутации, регуляция, сома, зародышевый путь

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