Biopolym. Cell. 1992; 8(6):3-25.
Biogenesis, physiological role, and properties of catalase
1Miroshnichenko O. S.
  1. Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, NAS of Ukraine
    150, Akademika Zabolotnoho Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680


In the present review the data concerning intracellular localization of catalases isolated from different sources are considered; the presence of isoenzymes, advantages and possible reasones of their formation are also discussed. Peculiarities of the enzyme biogenesis and transport are taken into account. Moreover, the factors affecting the cellular catalase activity are examined. Quite a number of data concerning physicochemical and catalytic properties of the enzyme and intracellular processes in which the catalase plays a significant role, are summarized. Examples of the atypical catalases intermediate between catalases and peroxiidases are presented. The possibilities of catalase application in medicine and food industry are reviewed.


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